States Take Youngster Tax Credit Into Their Personal Fingers

States Take Child Tax Credits Into Their Own Hands

“What now?” is a query many households are asking, particularly those that started receiving expanded youngster tax credit on the federal stage solely to see them not be renewed by Congress on the finish of final yr.

The short-term financial and societal advantages of the federal authorities’s expanded 2021 youngster tax credit score laws has not gone unnoticed by state legislators. Actually, the profitable impression of the federal authorities’s expanded youngster tax credit score for 2021 has motivated a lot of states to enact comparable tax aid for eligible households. An ever-expanding record of states seem like taking issues into their very own palms as they enact (or amplify) laws aimed toward creating tax financial savings for households who may have them essentially the most.

Increasingly state lawmakers are advocating tax aid measures for his or her constituent resident households. Tax aid, for many collaborating states, is taking the type of a state-level youngster tax credit score that dietary supplements any eligible youngster tax credit score the household qualifies for on their federal return. Subsequently, from a planning perspective, you will need to pay attention to:

  1. which states are implementing youngster tax laws
  2. who qualifies
  3. how a lot tax aid may be anticipated

Tax Yr 2021 – Evaluation of the Expanded Youngster Tax Credit score

Many households have already filed their 2021 tax returns. Nonetheless, households who’ve but to file, have till October 15 to profit from the federal American Rescue Plan’s expanded youngster tax credit score for tax yr 2021. Under is a abstract of these federal tax legislation enhancements:

  • Elevating the eligibility age of kids by one yr, to incorporate youngsters as much as age 17
  • Rising the credit score complete from $2,000 per youngster to $3,000 per youngster, for youngsters ages 6 to 17
  • Rising the credit score by $600 (as much as $3,600 per youngster) for youngsters beneath age 6
  • Permitting the kid tax credit score to be absolutely refundable

Previous to 2021, a really restricted variety of states provided any sort of kid tax credit score aid for households. The success of the 2021 federal youngster tax credit score enhancements generated elevated state policymaker consideration. In consequence, the record of states who’ve enacted some element of kid tax credit score aid has continued to swell over the previous couple of years. Some states have already instituted tax legislation modifications which piggy-back off the federal youngster tax credit score modifications whereas different states have opted to enact tax legislation modifications which are much less immediately related to federal legislation.

Mapping It Out

Up to now, the next states have enacted laws that gives some stage of kid tax credit score aid for 2022 and/or years thereafter, both within the type of a refundable or non-refundable state tax credit score:



New Mexico



New York





New Jersey


The quantity of the kid tax credit score, in addition to eligibility of who qualifies for tax aid, can differ broadly from state to state.  A evaluation of the collaborating states reveals a broad spectrum of tax submitting circumstances during which households can receive state youngster tax credit score help. For essentially the most half, states are focusing their youngster tax credit score eligibility on revenue ranges; nevertheless, the revenue thresholds for qualification are nearly as various as the quantity of the credit score itself.

For instance, Maryland has an earnings restrict (amongst different necessities) as little as $6,000 whereas Connecticut permits for an revenue stage as excessive as $200,000 for married submitting joint {couples}. Likewise, the quantity of the kid tax credit score itself can differ by state as nicely. In some situations, the credit score is perhaps a share of the federal youngster tax credit score and refundable (i.e., Colorado, New York) or non-refundable (Oklahoma). Different states could solely present a set youngster tax credit score and permit it as refundable (Vermont) or non-refundable (Idaho).

Tax Regulation Change Challenges

The problem for practitioners is to not solely be aware of the states having already enacted youngster tax credit score laws however to additionally pay attention to the extra states who’re contemplating it. Some states could find yourself enacting new laws later this yr, simply in time to impression the 2022 tax submitting season. States presently considering youngster tax credit score (or deduction) enhancements embrace Illinois, Michigan, North Carolina and Rhode Island.

For sure, the kid tax credit score continues to be an evolving space of tax legislation for a lot of states. This seems to be the route states are shifting regardless of the very fact an extension of the federal authorities’s 2021 expanded youngster tax credit score doesn’t seem like seemingly within the foreseeable future.

Supply hyperlink